Now, however, Sherman and newly re-elected House Speaker Nancy Pelosi seem inclined to wait until they know more about the ongoing probe into alleged Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election and the possibility of collusion with the Trump campaign. Pelosi says, "The president may not know this, but Hawaii is part of the United States of America".
Freedom Caucus Chairman Mark Meadows, a conservative ally of Trump's who has urged the president to hold firm on securing wall funding, blamed the Democrats for the impasse. Tim Ryan of Ohio, Kathleen Rice of NY and Seth Moulton of MA, her foes cited the need for younger, fresh leaders.
White House spokeswoman Sarah Sanders accused Democrats of refusing to compromise. The Republican side in the House is still made up mostly of white men, and in the Senate Republicans bolstered their ranks in the majority.
Trump has delivered two major addresses before joint sessions of Congress - including his first State of the Union speech past year. "We are sending them back exactly, word for word, what they have passed", Pelosi said.
President Donald Trump remained resolute in his demands for border security funding on Wednesday, despite Democrats refusing to include $5 billion in government funding.
House Democrats have stressed that their plan to reopen the government would not provide any additional funding for a border wall, leading congressional Republicans and the White House to call the effort a "nonstarter". That ensures the shutdown will continue, clouding the first days of the new session.
The rebel Democrats also said that years of Republican advertising which has portrayed Ms Pelosi as an "out-of-touch radical" had hurt Democrats' chances to win in moderate districts. "We shouldn't be impeaching for a political reason, and we shouldn't avoid impeachment for a political reason", she said. Battle lines are drawn not just between Democrats and Republicans but within the parties themselves, splintered by their left and right flanks.
"Hard pass. So long as Leader Pelosi remains the most progressive candidate for Speaker, she can count on my support".
Ms Pelosi was first elected to Congress in 1987 and served as speaker from 2007 to 2011.
In one measure of her effectiveness, eight of 16 Democrats who signed a November letter saying they were "committed to voting for new leadership" backed Pelosi Thursday, including Ryan and Moulton.
Credit rating agency Moody's said the shutdown would cause minimal USA economic and credit market disruption but there could be a more severe impact on financial markets and the broad economy if the closure is protracted.
While celebrating the Democratic diversity during the swearing-in ceremonies, some on social media highlighted the contrast to the Republican members, who are mostly white men. "So that's that", she said at a news conference this afternoon. Mitch McConnell's not going to bring up any appropriations measure without Trump's support, and even if he did, it would only take 41 Republican votes to stop it with a filibuster.
Michigan Rep. Justin Amash voted for Kentucky GOP Rep. Thomas Massie.
Rep. Rashida Tlaib (D-MI) didn't even wait until she was seated as a congresswoman to go after the president's job, publishing an op-ed on Thursday entitled "Now is the time to begin impeachment proceedings against President Trump".
Trump's response about looking foolish was confirmed by a White House official and another person familiar with the exchange, neither of whom was authorized to describe the exchange by name.