But apart from the short-term implications, the two-year deal reached by senators, if backed by the House, may be a source of wider concern.
The House's top Democrat swung out against the latest plan.
Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.) lamented the consequences of what he called the "dysfunctional" budget process that lead to a host of management challenges, like delays in commencing planned projects, contracts, grants and workforce hiring.
Pelosi says she hopes the House follows the Senate's example and takes up an immigration bill.
According to the House historian's office, she delivered the longest floor speech since 1909 - and possibly ever. "The pragmatic members of both conferences should support this".
Under tentative numbers discussed by congressional aides who were not authorized to speak publicly about the negotiations, defense spending would get an $80 billion boost above the existing $549 billion in spending for 2018. The House bill is not anticipated to pass the Senate.
White House Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said at a February 7 press conference the deal achieves the White House's "top priority" of increasing defense spending.
"The budget caps agreement includes many Democratic priorities", Pelosi said Wednesday.
"I'm heartened that Congress recognizes the sobering effect of budgetary uncertainty on America's military and on the men and women who provide for our nation's defense", Mattis said during the White House briefing.
Defense spending would increase by $80 billion over current law in this fiscal year and $85 billion in the one that begins October 1. Nondefense programs would receive about $60 billion over current levels.
House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) opposes the legislation because it does not provide protections for the more than 800,000 recipients of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program.
- Paul Kane (@pkcapitol) February 7, 2018Nancy Pelosi has been reading stories of young immigrants, aka Dreamers, for nearly three hours.
House Republican leaders are proposing to keep the government open for another six weeks by adding a year's worth of Pentagon funding to a stopgap spending bill.
In remarks on the Senate floor, Schumer focused on the new agreement as a rare moment of bipartisanship and cooperation.
But it added: "Too bad it all had to come at the cost of more debt, confirming yet again that the only time Washington's leaders appear able to shake hands on big deals is when both sides agree to run up the national tab".
Instead, the Kentucky Republican says the initial measure before lawmakers will be a bill that doesn't address the politically charged subject.
However, trouble brewed for the deal on both sides of the aisle on Wednesday.
The California congresswoman has called for the bill to include a provision shielding so-called Dreamers, young immigrants who entered the United States illegally as children, from deportation. It also includes disaster relief for areas hit by hurricanes and wildfires.
Once the Senate bill passes, it will go to the House of Representatives for a final vote. The limit on military spending would be increased by $80 billion in the current fiscal year and by $85 billion in the next year, which begins October 1, the aide said.
While she spoke, immigration activists joined liberals threatening political retribution against the congressional Democrats who abandoned the strategy of demanding that a budget deal be paired with an immigration deal.