Despite the obvious opportunity, the relationship is tense and the talks may not be easy. White House aides focused on something even more Trumpian. Finally, they will also need to discuss India's rise as a startup nation.
Trump, who campaigned on an anti-immigrant platform, has ordered a review of the the H-1B programme, threatening Indian IT services firm such as Infosys Ltd and Tata Consultancy Services, which advise and assist big firms on tech issues. Recently, the concerns about the future of Indians working in the United States have made significant headlines, which is why it is safe to assume that the two leaders are bound to discuss U.S. trade, employment and visa policies that affect the Indian diaspora in the USA. The prospect of change is making Indian outsourcing firms increasingly nervous. "There were various issues raised by him, but I wish issues of internal security were also raised, a thought for those killed while defending this nation. not one word have we heard on the death of a DSP (in Srinagar)", he said.
The two leaders have already met twice on foreign soil on the sidelines of UN-related events and are said to be constantly in touch with each other over the phone.
Modi will make his last stop in the Netherlands on Tuesday.
The deal would be the first such purchase by a country that is not a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation alliance.
Ahead of his visit, PM Modi had said that he looked forward to the opportunity of having an in-depth exchange of views.
"There is a palpable fear in New Delhi that the new USA president's lack of focus on India, and limited appointment of South Asia focused advisers, has resulted in India falling off the radar in Washington", wrote Eurasia Group analysts Shailesh Kumar and Sasha Riser-Kositsky in a recent note.
"India's off the radar screen a little bit for some of those kinds of issues", Ayres said.
The administration official would not comment on a $2-billion pending arms deal that would provide 22 naval surveillance drones to India.
The Trump administration said it is rolling out the "red carpet" for Modi, to emphasise that the United States is ignoring or not focusing on India. It will develop a Go-To-Market Guide to support start-ups.
This may not be on the formal agenda but forms part of the tense backdrop against which the meeting is taking place.
"We are already building the connected vehicle and smart city infrastructure for the world out of India", says Saighiridhar V, Director of Engineering, R&D at Savari Networks, a smart transport solutions provider, including sensors for autonomous cars.
The agreements signed on Saturday included cooperation in outer space, double taxation avoidance, nano technology, improving cultural ties, youth and sports, higher education, scientific research and setting up of a Portugal-India Business Hub and an Indian Chamber of Commerce here. India hit back, saying there was "absolutely no reality" in his claim.
PM Modi will hold talks with President Trump.