The cuts primarily target social safety net programs while the blueprint boosts military spending. That could include a $186 million cut in programs at the CDC's center on HIV/AIDs, hepatitis and other sexually transmitted diseases.
"Simply providing more Federal funding for infrastructure is not the solution", the White House said in the document, adding that the administration will "work to fix underlying incentives, procedures, and policies to spur better, and more efficient, infrastructure decisions and outcomes". His budget is titled, "The New Foundation for American Greatness".
Levi Russell, spokesman for Americans for Prosperity, the conservative group backed by billionaire Charles Koch, applauded Trump's call to balance the budget within 10 years, cut taxes and roll back regulations - moves he said would stimulate job growth.
Military aid to Israel and Egypt, two close United States allies in the Middle East and the biggest recipients of USA military assistance, will remain unchanged, Mulvaney said. Sure. Do a lot of EPA reductions aim at reducing the focus on climate science? Yes.
"We have an aging population, and that means significantly lower labor-force growth and it also means lower productivity and lower investment", Goldwein says.
"We reject that pessimism", Mulvaney said at a White House briefing Tuesday.
U.S. Rep. Steve Pearce, while saying he did not agree with the entire plan, praised the budget proposal.
President Donald Trump is "absolutely dead serious" about building a wall along the border with Mexico, his budget director said Tuesday, as key details including overall cost and even the type of wall remain to be decided.
Greenstein cites the cuts to Medicaid, SNAP and Supplemental Security Income as well as large tax cut proposals, largely aimed at the highest-earners.
In the end, its a budget that became an inevitability last November. Of that figure, $375.9 million will go to supporting an offshore energy development program for activities on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS).
Chesapeake Bay Program: President Trump's budget eliminates the EPA Chesapeake Bay Program, a bipartisan, public-private initiative first established during the Reagan Administration that provides grants to help localities, farmers, and others take steps to reduce the pollution flowing into the Bay. Yet this budget guts after-school programs. Funding for the BLM's onshore oil and gas activities, including permanent funding, would total $173.6 million, an increase of $23.9 million.
Mulvaney said earlier this year that funding EPA programs was a "a waste of your money", but that "core functions of the EPA can be satisfied with this budget".
According to the budget chief, the spending plan requests $2.6 billion in 2018 to build the wall, including funding for "brick and mortar" that will actually get into the wall.
Despite expressing that cleaning up toxic pollution would be his top priority, the administration's proposed budget cuts funding for Superfund by $330 million, to about $762 million.
The US Congress would now debate on the various aspects of the 2018 annual budget beginning October 1. It foresees an overhaul of the tax code, a boon to the wealthiest Americans.
"The numbers add up on paper, but they don't add up in reality", said Marc Goldwein, senior vice president and policy director at Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget.
The budget foresees an increase in military spending. Mike Enzi (R-WY). "It's going to be up to us to work through that and I dare say just after voting to plus up NIH funding in in the 21st Century Cures bill, it would be hard to get the votes to then cut it". Susan Collins, a Maine Republican.
Every presidential budget is merely an administration's statement of priorities, and there is never any expectation it will survive Congress intact.
During the campaign, Trump attacked the weak economic growth of the Barack Obama years, and pledged that his economic program would boost growth from the lackluster 2 percent rates seen since recovery began in mid-2009. "Encouragingly, this budget anticipates oil and gas leasing in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge starting in 2022, which will not only shore up domestic supply, but also fill government coffers with leasing revenue". They propose doing so by enacting "the biggest tax cut in history". Instead, the USA taxpayer will foot the bill. But this time, helping to throw dirt on the deal were even members of his own party who face little political risk but who nevertheless recoiled at the severity of some of the cuts to popular programs, including Medicaid, food stamps and medical research.